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Bharatpur, Deeg & Dholpur
Bharatpur is famous for the adjacent bird sanctuary. It
situated 182 kilometers from Jaipur. According to a legend the place is
known after Bharat, the younger brother of Lord Ram. Bharatpur Kingdom was
the only royal Kingdom in Rajasthan that was ruled by Jats.
Road : Regular bus service links Bharatpur with several cities
within and outside the State. Direct buses from Agra, Jaipur and Delhi are
available. Air :Agra, 56 km, is the nearest airport. Rail :
Regular trains connect Bharatpur with several cities on the Delhi-Mumbai
trunk route, as well as to Jaipur and Agra. Important trains to Bharatpur
Golden Temple mail (Mumbai-Baratpur Jammu-Tawi)
Intercity Express (Hazrat-Nizamuddin-Bharatpur)
Paschinim Express (New Delhi-Bharatpur-Mumbai)
Places of tourist interest
Bird sanctuary -
world famous bird sanctuary is
five kilometers from Bharatpur and is the home of different
type of beautiful and rare birds. There is a lake called by the name of
Keoladeo spread in 13 square miles area. Entire area is full of trees and
shrubs. This is an interlocking
ecosystem of woodlands, swamps, wet prairies and dry savannah. Home to
over 370 varieties of birds, more than 115 species are migrants flying in
from Central Asia, Siberia and Western China during the winter months.
This massive iron fort, conceived and
designed by Maharaja Suraj Mal, the founder of Bharatpur, was built in the
early 18th century.
This fort is standing stoutly with its high walls though it
had to face many stacks due to its peculiar ingenious design double walls
of clay and a large most around the fort.
With its impregnable defenses it withstood several British attacks.
The outer walls of clay nullified the effect of enemy’s
cannon balls. The outer wall was 8 miles in perimeter. Now completely
razed to ground and the second wall is in ruins. The fort has two entrance
gates the northern ‘Ashtadhati’ gate and the southern ‘Lohia’ gate built
by Maharaja Jawahar Singh. The
fort has three palaces within its precincts - Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas
and Kothi Khas.
The Palace -
This royal edifice has elements of
Mughal and Rajput architectural styles, with intricately designed floor
tiles of interesting patterns. The splendid Bharatpur Palace has a
large number of ancient exhibits that date back to the early 15th century.
The museum -
It was started in a part of royal palace in 1945. It has a
collection of some rare gems of art and sculpture, inscriptions, armory
Jawahar Burj Fateh
Burj - A few of the original eight imposing towers still stand erect
within the ramparts of the Lohargarh fort. Two of them - Jawahar Burj and
Fateh Burj are of special interest.
Jawahar Burj was built in 1766 by Maharaja Jawahar Singh.
Fateh Burj was built by
Maharaja Suraj Mal to commemorate his victories over the Mughals and
British. The coronation ceremony of the Jat rulers of Bharatpur were held
at the Jawahar Burj.
Main temples -
The temples of Ganga, Laxman, and Kali are standing in the
midst of the city and beautiful symbols of architecture.
Deeg with its exquisite complex of
pleasure palaces lies 34 Km north of Bharatpur. Created in the
mid-eighteenth century by Raja Badan Singh with additions by Raja Surajmal,
this was an idyllic refuge from the battles which the erstwhile rulers
constantly waged. Once the summer resort of the rulers of Bharatpur, it
served as the second capital of the region. This interesting town has
massive fortifications amidst beautiful gardens.
historic fort, royal palace and colorful fountains are some of the things
worth seeing. The palace built of white, yellow and red stones was started
by Maharaja Badan Singh and it was continued up to time of Maharaja
Surajmal and Jawahar singh. Here one can enjoy the colorful fountains of
Water Palace (Jal Mahal) and the artful carving in stones. Gopal Bhawan
with large halls and a marble swing brought by Maharaja Jawahar Singh from
the Nawab of Awadh are very beautiful. The great durbar hall of Nand
Bhawan and Macchi Bhawan are also made of marble. The Fort of Deeg, almost
in ruins now, stands as the sole surviving witness of the many historic
battles fought here..
The city Dholpur is situated 112 kilometers from Bharatpur
and 34 miles south of Agra.
The present town, which dates from the 16th century, stands somewhat to
the north of the site of the older Hindu town built, it is supposed, in
the 11th century by the Tonwar Rajput Raja Dholan (or Dhawal) Deo, and
named after him Dholdera or Dhawalpuri. Among the objects of interest in
the town may be mentioned the fortified sarai built in the reign of Akbar,
within which is the fine tomb of Sadik Mahommed Khan (1595 AD), one of his
generals. It was near Dholpur that two important Mughul wars of succession
were fought. When Shah Jahan fell ill, his eldest and most beloved son,
Dara Shikoh, was defeated by his younger brother, Aurangzeb, in 1658 AD at
Ran-ka-Chabutra, 5 kms (3 miles) east of Dholpur. Again, after Aurangzeb's
death in 1707 AD, his sons, Azam and Muazzam, fought a war of succession
at Baretha near Dholpur. Sher Garh Fort - is an old fort of
historic importance, located towards the south of Dholpur town. This
monument at Dholpur was built by Sher Shah Suri on the site of an earlier
Hindu fortress. Mucchukund - Ahout 8 km from the town of Dholpur is
an ancient sacred place called Muchchhkund. It commands a picturesque
view. The place is named after Raja Muchchhkund . Ramsagar sanctuary
and Ramsagar Lake - The lake is very picturesque and supports rich
aquatic life including fresh water crocodiles and a number of species of
fishes and snakes. Water birds like Cormorants, Darter, Ibis,
White-Breasted Water Hen, Moor Hen, Jacanas, Stilt, River Tern, Ringed
Plover, Sand Piper and Herons (grey, and purple) are quite common. During
winter months, migratory ducks and geese also visit the lake in good
numbers. Van Vihar, 18 Km from Dholpur is an old wildlife reserve
of the rulers of Dholpur is spread over an area of 59.86. sq. km located
over the Vindhya hills.