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The city was founded by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan
in the 7th Century A.D. and continued to be a major centre of the Chauhan
power till 1193 A.D. When Prithviraj Chauhan lost it to Mohammed Ghauri.
Ajmer is situated in a picturesque valley surrounded by Ajay Meru ranges
of Aravali hills. Along with architecture it is an important place of
pilgrimage for Hindus as well as Muslims. Muslims call Ajmer by the name
of Ajmer sharif while Hindus call it Tirthraj Pushkar.
By Road :
Ajmer is 140 km from Jaipur.
It is connected with bus from many places
like Jaipur, Agra, Aligarh, Abu road, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Barmer,
Chittorgarh, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer. By Train: Ajmer is on the Delhi-Jaipur-Marwar-Ahmedabad-Mumbai
line and most trains stops at Ajmer. By Air: The nearest airport is Jaipur
which is 135kms away.
Places of tourist interest
Nasiyan (Red) Temple -This red temple
is a Digambar Jain temple which has a double- storey hall adjacent to the
main temple. The hall displays a series of large gold plated wooden
figures depicting legends from Jain mythology.
Anasagar Lake -
After defeating his enemies,
built the lake Anasagar in the year 1140 A.D. . Below the embankment of
the lake Emperor Jahangir built a beautiful garden and named it as Daulat
Bagh. Shahjahan further beautified the place by constructing the marble
embankment and five elegant pavilions of polished white marble.
Dargah Khawaja Sahib -
Dargah of khwaja Moinuddin Chisti is the great place of
pilgrimage for the Muslims. Khwaja reached India in 1162 A.D. from Iran
and settled at Ajmer in 1190 A.D. here in his residence he died in 1236
A.D. at the age of 97 and he was buried in his residence itself. Sultan
Gayasuddin Khilji built a tomb on this place in 1464 A.D. Akbar built
Akbari mosque, a meeting hall and 23m high Buland Darwaja (gate).
Shahjahan added Jama Masjid in white marble and the large dome.
Pushkar Raj is the holiest place for the Hindus in
Rajasthan. It is 11km from Aimer and there is a beautiful lake. This is
the only place in India with a temple exclusively devoted to Lord Brahma.
Legend of this place could be found in ‘Padma Purana’. According to the
legend Pushkar means a pond created by flower, was formed when Brahma
dropped a lotus flower on the earth to determine a place for his yagna, a
Maharaja Ajaypal built this fortress. It is 3000 feet above
sea level. The giant fort stands guarding the city. It has six gates. The
fort also has Miran Saheb ki Dargha who was the governor of the fort and
laid down his life in an encounter.
Adhai din ka Jhonpara -
The ruins of this building called ‘Adhai din ka Jhonpara’
can be seen at the foot of Taragarh hill. This building was built by
Visaldev in 1153 A.D. and was a Sanskrit college building. But afterwards
Mohammad Gauri ordered that it should be converted in mosque in two and
half days. That is why it is called as ‘Adhai din ka Jhonpara’. This is a
good example of Indo - Islamic architecture. The distinct pillars and
arched screen with its ruined minarets make it a splendid architectural