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Health Care - India

With over 200 government and private medical colleges, India has one of the largest numbers of trained medical personals in the world. Indian doctors are recognized for their skill and competence all over the world. Unfortunately due to poor infrastructure and government apathy in the past, Indian health care facilities were struggling to cope up with huge population load. Poverty, poor hygiene and lack of sanitary facilities together with warm and humid climate provide a perfect breeding ground for infectious diseases in India. During the recent years some of the infectious diseases like measles, mumps, diphtheria, whooping cough and polio have been brought under control by wide spread vaccination programs initiated by the government and health organizations. There has been a tremendous decrease in maternal and infant mortality indices due to success of Maternal and Child welfare programs. Overall life expectancy has increased for both men and women. But when compared to the western standards Indian health indices still lag far behind. A changing life style, over crowding, air and water pollution has resulted in an increase in the number of heart diseases, cancers, allergic respiratory diseases and traffic accident related traumatic disorders. Diseases like HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis are also increasing. A massive increase in population has put a tremendous load on the civic and health care facilities.

Unequal distribution of resources is a major problem in India. There has been a mushrooming of hospitals, nursing homes, and clinics in urban areas. A number of large corporate hospital and clinics with state of the art facilities that are comparable to the best in the world have come up in large cities. Many people from Asian countries and even from Europe and America come to India to avail these excellent facilities that are provided by these hospitals at a relatively cheaper rate. At the same time there is an abject lack of basic health care facilities in rural areas of India. Private sector hospitals and clinics in urban areas can help in changing this imbalance by providing facilities for the poor at a greatly reduced cost and by opening small referral centers providing basic health care facilities in rural areas. A large drive for public awareness along with huge monetary inputs from both the government and private sector is needed to solve this problem. A vision of ‘Health for all’ along with a firm commitment by the Government and health care organizations is required to bring the health care facilities all over India, at par with those of developed countries.  

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