Bhagvad-Gita: Treatise of self-help
by BS Murthy
to Chapter 8
This chapter of 34 slokas, known as
raja-vidyaa raja-guhya yoga, Supreme Knowledge and Supreme Secret,
describes various ways of attaining the Supreme that lends itself readily
In s13, it is stated that the realized man
constantly and single-mindedly remains devoted to the Supreme and in s14 it
is averred that such ever remain united with Him in meditation. But it is
only in s22 that the protection of the Supreme to those engaged in His
service in true devotion is assured. While s23 states that those who worship
other gods with faith, worship Him only, albeit defectively, s25 pictures
varied outcome of worshipping other gods, a contradiction of s3,ch.12. And
in s24, He is the Enjoyer and the Lord of all Sacrifice, an anathema to
the philosophy of the Gita. Also s15 is but a digression to facilitate
s16-s21 and s23-s25. What is more, there could be some omissions from the
original, given the seemingly incomplete exposition of the promised dharma
Further, in s 30 and s 31, it is
said that even a reformed sinner is dear and valuable to Him. Then in s 32
it is stated that women, Vaisyas and Sudras could win His favour through
devotion, sounding as if they are all in an inferior league. Leave aside the
Lord's averment in many a context in this text that the Supreme Spirit lies
in all beings, it is specifically stated in s34 of ch.10 that He symbolizes
all that is glorious in woman. Given this, and the background of
interpolations, s32 surely is a case of trespass. S33 of this chapter is but
a jointing medium of the said obnoxious verse and in itself is patronizing
in nature towards the virtuous Brahmans.
S7, that contravenes s15-s16 of ch.8 and
echoes the interolative s18-s19 of this, is an interpolation. S34 that falls
into a separate category, that too seemingly an interpolation, for reasons
explained in ĎAll about Interpolationsí.
Thus spoke the Lord:
Unenvied as thou I would tell
The art of leading fruitful life.
Supreme secret thatís sacred
Profound dharma for mankind
Fair and simple, practicable.
Fail who follow this dharma
Pay they price in recurring births.
Whatever is there I pervade
In My ambit lay beings
Though itís not the other way round.
Fail if thou to grasp it thus
Feel as though Iím confined in
What I bring forth ín sustain.
Skies in rooted wind as spreads
Dwell in Me though disperse all.
Itís I make the Nature bring
Beings hapless in their scores.
Since I function not in passion
Bound Am none by acts all these.
It's the Nature ruled by Me
Takes the world the way it goes.
Though Am Lord of all beings
Give Me human form the naive
And thus they do belittle Me.
Vile in delusion lead their lives
In vainness they waste their time.
With Me in mind well-meaning
See they beings sourced in Me.
With right intent ín focus
Such Me worship with true faith.
Those as meditate ín worship
Them I take My wings under
Hold I dear a leaf even
Offered when by pure minded.
Act thou throughout in good faith
Thus thou make Me feel honoured.
Rid be thou of all that binds
Freed be thus thou come to Me.
None I favour; slight I none
Devout Mine all gain Me true.
Start as wicked My worship
Take them all as well realized.
Tend I them then turn even
Devout Mine none go restive.
The Secret Sacred,
The Ninth Chapter
Treatise of self-help.
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