Bhagvad-Gita: Treatise of self-help
by BS Murthy
to Chapter 4
chapter of 29 slokas, known as karma sanyaasa yoga, Renunciation
of Action, is in response to Arjunaís plea at the beginning of the
chapter, ĎPray be clear, as Thee aver / Act ín give up in
selfsame breathí Lord Krishna sets the tone for self-help in this
chapter with the opening statement, 'Give up all ín
thou be freed / Soís the case with selfless work/ But know latter scores
S18 avers the Omnipresence of the Supreme
in Brahmans, cows, elephants, dogs and dog eaters. This tasteless
description could be but an interpolation as it is so ill behoves the Lordís
eloquence and sophistication of expression seen throughout. Incidentally,
the succeeding s19 makes it clear that whoever recognizes Him in all beings
attains the Supreme State in life itself. It may be noted that s29 and s30
of next chapter also run along the same lines.
S27-s28 that deal with yogic practices and s29, which asserts the Supreme
as the beneficiary of sacrificial rituals are but interpolation for reasons
that bear no repetition.
Thus spoke Arjuna:
Pray be clear, as Thee aver
Act ín give up
in selfsame breath.
Thus spoke the Lord:
Give up all ín thou be freed
So is the case with selfless work
But know latter scores much better.
Wise neither want, nor they shun
Thatís how they give up ever engaged.
Way action ín path learning
Know not ignorant not different.
Work highway ín lane freedom
Know the learned are the same.
What thou forego if thee cease
Deeds selfless make acts forsake.
Such one realized
Within self remains
Without ever engaged.
Privy to this will realize
On his body as it works
Say hath he none to name one.
Wise do realize needs physical
Urges are they driven by genes.
Spreads on lotus leaves as water
Sticks none sin of deeds duteous.
Wise in selfless work engage
Forego while they self-purify.
Wise ever stay cool never in want
Bog down but naive ever in want.
Covetous not ín
ever laid back
Wise in tune with Supreme lay.
Itís his nature, not the Spirit
Makes man act by wants induced.
Takes not Supreme credit or fault
Grasp none have of this uncouth.
He that keeps his bias at bay
Sun-like he shines being wise.
In clear conscience ín fairness
Gives man freedom faith in Him
Keeps who equity ever in thought
Faultless being attains he Brahman.
In state Brahman,
Gloats never man as smiles fortune
Nor loses heart when things go wrong.
Joys induced all tire one soon
Stay self-joyous all blissful souls.
End as in grief joys of flesh
Go not wise for pleasures such brief.
Subdue lust ín rein in wrath
Leads that to thy state of joy.
Live in ease the true knowing
Enjoy they all within themselves.
With pure intent sans ill-will
Realized all reach State Supreme.
Unmoved by his mind subdued
Stays ever free the self-realized.
Art of Renunciation,
The Fifth Chapter
Treatise of self-help.
to Chapter 4