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Bhagvad-Gita: Treatise of self-help

by BS Murthy

                                                                      <<Back to Chapter 12

Chapter-13: Field and Farmer

This chapter of 35 slokas, known as kshetra kshetragjnya vibhaaga yoga, Field and Farmer, deals with body and spirit in the first half, and for the rest about Prakruti (Nature) and Purusha (Supreme Spirit). It may be noted that customarily the first verse that is carried here is either omitted altogether or retained unnumbered for reasons none explained. Thereby to avoid confusion in comparison, the same is numbered 0 in this text. One might notice that s10,  advocating asceticism to which Lord Krishna is opposed, doesn't jell with the rest, either contextually or philosophically, and thus should be seen as an interpolation.

S22, which states that the Supreme Soul, lay in beings as a sustainer, consenter, enjoyer and overseer, contravenes its very nature expostulated in s16-s18, ch.15. Besides, as can be seen, it affects the continuity between s21 and s23 of this chapter. S30, akin to s15 is an irrelevant interpolation too.

0                   

Thus spoke Arjuna:

What is nature 地 its role,

What is spirit 地 its nature,

What is frame 地 who lords it

What makes feeling 地 sixth sense?

1

Thus spoke the Lord:

Sees who body his as field

Sees he all there is to see.

2     

Knows who Spirit One dwells in all 

Knows he all that痴 there to know.

3         

Lend thy ear, as I reveal 

Nature of thy frame,

Spirit that tenants as farmer 

Besides Him and His prowess. 

4     

In chants validate what Vedas

Aspects that well Brahmanas delve

Reasoned wise in varied ways.

5         

Subject to reason, ego as well

Steeped is frame in elements five,

Earth, water, fire, ether and air

Organs those ten, as well mind. 

6         

Desire, derision, pleasure 地 pain

Pitch their tents in frames human.

7     

Knowing is being -

Amiable and humble, simple 地 honest  

Patient 地 decent, clean and clear

Not to speak of fair and firm -

8         

Void of desires, egotism devoid

Passion none for life and times

9     

With no craving for possessions

Fondness none for things of life 

None the averse, all the same.

11

Naive though fail to follow suit

Tend all wise to probe nature

And strive to see the Spirit in Me   

12   

Let Me tell thee what痴 needed

To let thee grasp the State Brahman

Which if done would bring in bliss.

13   

All-Reaching, He痴 All-Seeing

All Hearing, He pervades all.

14   

Organs in His likeness made      

Unlinked though to their senses,

He that sustains all three worlds

Unattached though to goings on.

15   

In beings all 地 objects too 

Within He lies, without as well,

If one comes to grasp this well

It痴 perception that痴 Supreme.

 

16       

It痴 how Brahman dwells in all

Till He ends all what that keeps. 

17   

He痴 the Light that leaves no shade

He痴 the One for one to know

He痴 the Goal of all learning 

He痴 the Tenant in every heart.

18   

It痴 the knowable of the frame

Me who worship come to grasp.

19   

Spirit 地 Nature, ageless both

Nature of beings, of Nature born.

20     

It痴 Nature that tends beings  

Binding Spirit to one痴 own acts.

21

Spirit that lay in beings all

Inclines to one痴 attitudes,

With the ethos it imbibes

Tends it one to like rebirth. 

23   

Gets one freed, as he grasps

Aspects Nature 地 Spirit as well.

24   

Indulge who in meditation 

Find they Supreme Spirit in them,

Some as divine through wisdom

Others do so by deeds selfless. 

25   

He who finds this all too hard

May he obtain wise counsel

And be rid of births and deaths.

26   

Whatever exists in this world

Designs Spirit in Nature痴 womb.

27   

Sees he well, who would see 

What doth perish is just the frame

End there none to Spirit therein.

28

Realize if thou Spirit in thee

Same as one that dwells in all

Hurt thou never thine own self

Thereby attain Me Supreme.

 29   

Beings act per their nature

Thus the Spirit that lay in them 

Hath no hand in deeds of theirs.

31   

Having none its attributes

Apart being from nature  

Spirit hath no qualms of its own.    

32   

As with ether, spread all over

None the sullied, exposed being

So is the case with Spirit in thee.

33

Sun as one lights all three worlds

It痴 one Spirit that glows all frames.

34   

Aware if thee of  Spirit 地 frame 

Frees that thou from all bindings

Making way to reach Supreme.

Ends thus: 

Field and Farmer,

The Thirteenth Chapter

Of Bhagavad-Gita,

Treatise of self-help.

    

(cont...)

 <<Back to Chapter 12

Introduction  Chapter 1   Chapter 2    Chapter 3    Chapter 4   

Chapter 5    Chapter 6  Chapter 7  Chapter 8    Chapter 9  

Chapter 10 Chapter 11   Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 

Chapter 15  Chapter 16  Chapter 17  Chapter 18

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