Abundance of primordial elements and
Distribution of Quasars
theories are completely based on the laws of Physics.
Philosophical exposition of Big Bang theory:
universe was discussed by Vedic seers a long time ago. The Nasadiya
hymn 129 of Rigveda Vol X. (verses 1, 2, 3 & 4) clearly refers to
the creation of the Universe.
sadasittadanim nasidrajo no vyoma paro yat |
kimavarivah kuha kasya
sharmannambhah kimasid gahanam gabhiram ||
neither non-existence (asat) nor existence (sat) then.
There was neither the realm of space nor the sky which is beyond. What
stirred? Where? In whose protection? Was there water, bottomlessly deep?
(Only something gahana gambhira )
namrtyurasidamrtham na tarhi na ratrya ahna asit praketah |
anidavatam svadhaya tadekam tasmaddhananna parah kim chanasa||
neither death nor immortality then.
There was no
distinguishing sign of night nor of day.
breathed, windless, by its own impulse.
that there was nothing beyond.
asittamasa gur’magre’praketam salilam sarvama idam |
Darkness was hidden by darkness in the beginning,
With no distinguishing sign, all this was water.
The life force that was covered with emptiness,
That ONE arose through the power of heat.
kamastadagre samavartatadhi manaso retah prathamam yadasit |
Desire came upon that ONE in the beginning,
That was the first seed of mind.
Discussion and conclusion:
If we look at the creation of the Universe in the light
of Vedic verses (I,II,III) of the Nasadiya hymns RV.X.129, there is the
shadow of the Big bang theory. The Hymn States that ‘There was no sat
and no asat’ which respectively means there was neither
existence nor non-existence at that time, and in the Vedic
philosophy the words ‘sat’ and ‘asat’ would
not have a distinct existence but would be blended and lost in the ‘One’
invisible, immaterial, incomprehensible ‘First cause’ in the
intervals of Creation, and in the beginning the first cause was
undeveloped in its effects, and existed before either inactive matter or
active spirit, considered as distinct, it is not intended to be said
that no cause or origin existed before creation.
Again in the fourth verse of Nasadiya hymn
RV.X.129, there is a clear indication of a Supreme power i.e.
tadek who has controlled his mental energy and given birth to ‘Kama’,
and in the Vedic philosophy it is said that this ‘Kama’
may be the ‘Sphota’ or may be the biggest bang.
Thus if we compare the Vedic and scientific
interpretations of Creation of Universe, we see that as in the Big bang
theory the whole Universe was compact to a single point mass that had
zero volume i.e. nothingness and the Universe is created from
this nothingness i.e. the point mass which is very much similar to the
notion i.e. the ‘One’ in Vedic philosophy. Though in Vedic
philosophy it is said that the effect sometimes is blended with the
cause or it is lost in the cause but there cannot be the effect without
its cause such as matter cannot exist without material.
Thus in all the four verses of Nasadiya Hymn the FIRST
CAUSE i.e. ‘ONE’ is highlighted which is nothing but the
Lemaitre’s Primeval Zero Volume Atom and ultimately concept
of pregnant ZERO from which the whole universe was created.
So after a thorough study of the big bang theory and the
Vedic verses (I,II,III and IV) of Nasadiya hymns (RV.129) we may
come to the conclusion that there is a convergence or a parallel trend
of the two schools of thoughts namely the ancient Indian Philosophers
and the Modern scientists.
Thus in conclusion we can say that the reality of the
Universe, which is still a problem for the scientists, was thoroughly
discussed by Indian Philosophers thousands of years back and they are
very close to the modern theory. So, if we want to know more about our
modern research, we should relearn the philosophical aspects of the Veda