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Goa is a small state on western coast of India situated between Maharashtra and Karnataka. It was under Portuguese control for 450 years, until 1961 when it was liberated and became part of Indian union. Goa with a geographical area of 3,702 sq. km has 359 villages and 44 towns, a population of 1.35 million and Panaji as the state capital. People of Goa mostly speak Konkani language. Sunny beaches, green hills, waterfalls, lakes, ideal climate, and a unique blend of Indian and Portuguese culture make Goa one of the most popular tourist destination for Western tourists visiting India.

The people of Goa are very friendly and extremely happy-go-lucky. Siesta is an important part of life in Goa with shops downing their shutters from one to four with most Goans retiring for the afternoon. Goans love music and many Bars and restaurants, often have live bands playing in the evenings. The cuisine of Goa has an interesting mix of influences from all the cultures that it came into contact with - the Konkan, the Portuguese and the Bahamani Nawabi traditions. Goan food often includes different types of fish, prawns, mussels, oysters, crabs and many more. A Goan drink ‘Feni’ is very popular with the visiting tourists.

How to reach Goa:

Air: Goa is well connected by airline services to most major cities in India. Goa has an international/domestic Airport at Dabolim near the port town of Vasco-da-Gama. Airport is 30 Km from capital city Panaji. Major domestic airlines Indian Airlines, Sahara Airlines and Jet Airways as well as Indian international carrier Air India operate from Goa. A number of chartered flights come to Goa from Europe through out the year.

Road: Goa is well connected with major Indian cities. Regular luxury buses operate between Mumbai and Goa.

Cruises: Regular ferry service between Mumbai and Goa available.

Railway: Madgaon station in south Goa is the well connected with Mumbai and other major stations.

Beaches in Goa

Goa has some of the best beaches in the world and millions of tourists visit Goa to enjoy these picture perfect beaches.

Calangute Beach: Known as Queen of Beaches this is one of the best and amongst most famous beaches in world. Calangute beach is around16 Km from Panaji. It is the most popular destination for domestic and foreign tourists. Nearby is the St. Alex´s church.

Vagator and Chapora Beach: About 20 km. from Panaji, is the enchanting Vagator Beach. Soft white sands, the black lava rocks and coconut groves make it a picturesque beach. Nearby is a hillock with 500-year-old Chapora Fort built by Portuguese.

Anjuna: Anjuna Beach is popularly known as the freak capital of the world for its Trance Parties and the Hippies. It is about 18 Km from Panaji, and is surrounded by immense coconut groves. Main attractions of Anjuna Beach are the magnificent Albuquerque Mansion built in 1920 and Wednesday, ‘flea market’.

Colva Beach: This beautiful sandy beach is just 6 km from Margao city.

Palolem: In South Goa, about 40 km. from Margao city, is one of the most enchanting beaches of Goa, the Palolem beach. It is an ideal locale for tourist seeking a close tie with nature and privacy.

Agonda Beach: Driving from Palolem to Panaji you reach Agonda beach. Agonda is a three-kilometer long beautiful cove of white sand, safely secluded in the palms. There are fewtourists, no souvenir stalls, no restaurants, nothing.

Dona Paula Beach: 7 Km from Panaji is the Dona Paula Beach, which offers an opportunity to the tourists to have a sunbath and buy cheap seaside goods from local vendors. This beach has romance and myth attached to it. This beach is especially famous for water sports. Nearby is the Marine Biology Museum.

Aguada beach – Is famous for superb Fort Aguada Hotel complex, built on a cliff, around the 17th century Portuguese fort.

Varca, Cavelossim, Mabor, Bogmalo, Majorda, Sinquerim and Candolim are some of the other good beaches in Goa.


Dughsagar Falls: This place is 60 km from Panaji and is a popular destination for trekkers and hikers. Water rushes down hundreds of feet in large volume from a great height, creating a most enthralling natural phenomenon.

Mayem Lake:  This is amongst the most popular picnic spot in Goa. It is situated 35 km from Panaji and has excellent accommodation and boating facilities.

Old Goa: 10 km from Panaji is the city of Old Goa. It founded by Adil Shah in the beginning of the 16th century and later colonized by the Portuguese who called it "Rome of the East".

Churches, Temples and monuments in Goa

Basilica of Bom Jesus: This is the most popular and famous of all Churches in Goa. Situated in old Goa and built in 1605, this church is dedicated to Infant Jesus. The mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier, kept in a rich silver casket are enshrined here.

Rachol Seminary: The Rachol Seminary in South Goa has a chequered past. Originally a Muslim fortress it was first converted by the Portuguese into a church and later into a prison.

Se Cathedral: Most imposing of all churches at Old Goa, dedicated to St. Catherine, and famous for its 'Golden Bell'.

Church of St. Francis of Assisi: Church of St.Francis of Assisi situated in Old Goa is a 17th century pieces of religious art.

 St. Cajetan Church: Built in style of St. Peter's basilica in Rome.

Reis Magos Church: Dedicated to three Magi Kings was constructed in 1555.

The Church of Mae de Deus at Saligao, dedicated to Mother of God was built in 1873.

Shri Manguesh: This temple of Lord Shiva is located at Priol, Ponda Taluka and is surrounded by rolling green hills.

Shri Mahalsa: This is a Vishnu temple at Mardol, about 1 km. from Shri Manguesh Temple.

Shri Ramnath: This temple complex has five temples dedicated to different deities.

Brahma Temple: Located in the village of Carambolim7 km from Valpoi is Brahma Temple (built in 5th century A.D). This is one of the few temples dedicated to Lord Brahma that is found in India.

Mahadev Temple at Tambdi Surla: Situated in Sanguem this temple is made of basalt stone and is representative of Kadamba-Yadava architecture (13th century).

Wild life and nature reserves

Bhagvan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary: 60 km from Panaji, in the jungles of Mollem this sanctuary is rich in wild life.

Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary: is an idyllic jungle resort, with a mini zoo, and a botanical garden.

Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary: The sanctuary is covered by dense forest and is a home to a range of exotic fauna and reptiles.

Salim ali Bird Sanctuary: On the banks of Mandovi river situated in Chorao Island this mangrove forest is frequented by locals as well as migratory birds. 

For further details  about Goa please visit official website of Government of Goa - Tourism department