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'The land of Kings, palaces, valor and sacrifices'
is the treasure land of glorious historical traditions, replete with the
annals of patriotism, valor and self-sacrifice. The heroism of the Rajputs
is unique in the history of the world. Here we find the beauties and
wonders of both – nature and man – placid lakes, hills, sand dunes in
desert, forests, beautiful palaces and forts are a few of the attraction
that entice the human eye and soul.
independence the 22 states in the region were merged into one to form the
present state of Rajasthan. The traces of the diversity of these merged
states are still seen in the day-to-day life of the people of Rajasthan.
State of Rajasthan covers an area of about 343154 sq. km. A
population of more than 25 million people lives in 36,420 villages in the
state and several large and small cities. The northwestern part of
Rajasthan is mainly desert area. The main cities in desert area are
Jodhpur, Bikaner and Jaisalmer. Where as southeastern parts have thick
forests and scattered hills. Udaipur, Chittor, Bharatpur and Alwar are the
main cities of this part.
Summer that extends from April to June, is the hottest
season, with temperatures ranging from 32C to 45C. In western Rajasthan
the temp may rise to 50C, particularly in May and June. At this time, In
the desert regions, the temperatures drops in night. Prevailing winds are
from the west and sometimes carry dust storms. The rainy season of Monsoon
extends from July to September, temperature drop a little (35-35C) drops
but humidity increases The Post-monsoon period of October to November is
pleasant and the best times to visit Rajasthan. The average maximum
temperature is 33C to 38C, and the minimum is between 18C and 20C. The
winter extends from December to February and minimum temperatures in some
areas in Rajasthan tend to drop to 0C. There is a marked variation in
maximum and minimum temperatures, and regional variations across the
- Hindi is the official
language of the state. But the principal language is "Rajasthani", and the
four major dialects are Marwari in the west, Jaipuri in the east, Malwi in
the southeast and Mewati in the northeast. But most people understand and
speak Hindi. In cities educated people also understand and speak English.
Culture and civilization -
Its culture and civilization is formed by the interaction
of various communities. The history of heroic and glorious deeds began
with the attacks of the Muslim rulers. The stories of valor and sacrifices
of Rajasthani people are written in the folk songs of Rajasthan. Most of
the festivals are based on these historic stories. The important
communities in Rajasthan include Rajput, Brahmins, Jats, Gurjars and
Patels. Each of these communities has its own dresses, customs and habits.
Males wear dhoti, kurta -pajama and turban and the ladies wear ghaghra,
choli and sari.