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 What is written in Vedas?

By Richa Mishra

 Hindu philosophy, living and thinking is based on Vedas, which are the sacred textbooks of Hindu religion. There are four Vedas which are:

1. Rig Veda
2. Yajur Veda
3. Sam Veda
4. Atharva Veda

Vedas are the voice of God. Whatever be the date of their script, they are thought to contain the ultimate truth which has neither beginning nor end. Our ancient scholars visualized the nature secrets through the third eye of knowledge (via gathered spiritual power) and put them in words in the form of Vedic chants.

Rig Veda

The Rig-Veda has chants in the form of poetry. It contains the chants praising the Vedic Gods which are really the basic power of nature such as Indra (the unifying power present in the subatomic physics), Vishnu (the originator of three dimensional space), Marudgan (the gods of thunder), Vayu (the filling element of three dimensional space) and Agni (the energy of all sorts). These chants are called richas, derived from Rik (to praise).

Several scientific truths have also been revealed, such as spherical nature of earth, the cause of blue color of sky due to the refraction of sunlight in earth’s atmosphere, the magnetism at earth’s poles, the sun centered solar system and the treatment of certain disease via air, water and sun therapy. A persons thoughts affect the daily life deeply, that is why Rishis have prayed the gods to give them food, water and wealth through good means, as these things influence our thoughts deeply. They have also prayed to the Surya and Vayu to never deprive them from natural resources such as sunlight, air and water. They have prayed for universal brotherhood and protection for whole universe from its governing powers.

Yajur Veda

Chants of Yajurveda are pronounced in the form of text. It deals with the arrangements, instruments, their role and rituals performed during Yagya as well as describe the animals related with the worship of different Gods. In Yajurveda, all the instruments including altar bricks, utensils and even water are thanked for their donation and important role they play during process of Yagya. Most of its chants have different meanings in physical and spiritual aspect. At such places, physical meaning is confined to Yagya only but spiritual meanings connects our mind to the process of creation and demolition being performed in the nature at cosmic level. Thus these chants require a positive thinking and a spiritual approach to see the most appropriate meaning lying in them.

Sam Veda

Sam Veda hymns are sung according to the provided instructions. Sam Veda is dedicated to music and is the origin of classical music in India. According to Rishis, the chants in the form of hymns influence the brain more efficiently as compared to the plain text or poetry. Sam Veda has many hymns similar to that of Rig Veda, but others are different. In spite of this similarity, there is ample proof that Rig Veda and Sam Veda were developed independently. Moreover, even after the similarity in written chants, they influence the brain in different manners due to different ways in which they are pronounced. The musical hymns of Sam Veda are so scientific and accurate that they are used in treatment of several diseases.

Atharva Veda

The three Vedas stated above, represent the spiritual truth by praising the natural and supernatural powers, but Atharva Veda admires their practical aspects. It tells about the treatment via medicinal plants and is the origin of Ayurveda. It also talks about the curing properties of water, air etc. and also about the life style for a healthy mind and body. It also proves the advantages of using plants as medicines as they have no side effects on body.

(Reference-Hindi translation of Vedas from Brahmavarchas, Shantikunja, Haridwar )