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Philosophical and Scientific
expositions of Extra-dimensionality of Supreme Power
* Dr. Ashok Kumar Das & **Dr. Saradamani Das *
*Head Department of Physics, Karimganj College; **Sr.
Lecturer Department of Sanskrit, R.S. Girls’ College, Assam
In Vedic age there are many philosophical references of supreme soul i.e.
Paramatma or Parambrahma which are mentioned in various hymns of Vedas
such as Purusa hymn, Hiranyagarbha hymn, Nasadiya hymn etc. In Modern
Science, Physicists are also searching for existence of such supreme soul
with their intelligence and proper experimentation. In this paper an
attempt has been made to find scientific exposition of the existence of
supreme soul by a technique termed ‘Mathematical dimensions’.
This paper is an attempt to give scientific exposition of Supreme Power or
Supreme Soul, what we call God or 'Paramatman'. The concept of 'Paramatman'
(Supreme Power) is completely philosophical and only after some literary
exercises one can understand the philosophical meaning of 'Paramatman'. In
reality we cannot feel its existence as well as we can not give its
interpretation in a general way. So to understand the existence of 'Something'
or Someone having its reality outside our globe (who may be Paramatman or
Supreme Power or Supreme Soul) the Scientific method known as Dimension
can be applied. The concept of Dimensions is applied in many branches of
Physics to solve many critical problems. Here also the same concept is
being discussed as an attempt to solve the problem whether Supreme power (manifested
as the concept of Gods) has the possibility to exist in extra dimensions
We take the dual aspects together - one is 'Philosophical' and the other
Let me give some philosophical references of Supreme Soul or Supreme Power
or God as stated in the Vedas. In the Vedas and Upanishads we have lots of
references of Supreme Power such as the hymns of Viswakarman (X.81 and
82), Hiranyagarbha (X.121), Purusa, Aitareya Upanisad, Prasna Upanisad
(III.8; VI.4) etc.
In the hymns of RV (X.81 and 82), Viswakarman, as creator, is stated as a
supreme power, divine architect personified. Vedic seers believe that
there was someone who had created the Universe from vacuum (Shunya)
The Hiranyagarbha Sukta (R.V.X 121) of the Rig Veda declares that God
manifested Himself in the beginning as the creator of the Universe,
encompassing all things, including everything within Himself, the
collective totality, as it were, of the whole of creation, animating it as
the Supreme Intelligence. The whole universe, all that has been and all
that shall be, is but a partial manifestation of this supreme Deity.
In the renowned Purusa-Sukta (R.V.X.90.) we find, described in clear terms,
how the whole universe with its animate and inanimate divisions, has
emanated from Virat Purusha, and is sustained by the Primeval Being,
The Aitareya Upanisad (I.1.1; I.1.2) states that in the beginning there
was but the absolute Self or Brahman or Atman alone. There was nothing
If we look at the Nasadiya hymns (RV.X.129) we see that there is a clear
indication of Supreme Soul/Atman who has created this universe out of
The supreme Atman has manifested itself as the objective Universe from the
One side and subjective individuals on the other side, in which process,
factors which are effects of God’s creation become causes of individual’s
perception by a reversal of the process.
Śankarāchārya, the famous commentator of Vedic literature, says that the
term Atman indicates the “Supreme Reality, omniscient, all-powerful, free
from all phenomenal characters such as hunger and thirst, eternal, pure,
illumined, free, unborn, undecaying, deathless, immortal, fearless, and
The Prasna Upanisad (III.8; VI.4)* *says that God is the Supreme Prajapati
or Creator, in which are blended both the matter and energy of the
In the Vedas the Supreme power is explained as "unmanifested, unthinkable
and unchanging". He is "invisible, unborn, eternal, permanent, devoid of
parts or quality"; "He cannot be felt by our five senses, and is also
actionless" (Shaantiparva-Mahabharata). It is the "cloud of unknowing" or
what is called "super-luminous darkness". "He is the God who is in fire
and in water who pervades the entire universe; He who is inside every
living being, to Him we make our obeisance again and again". In the Vedas
it is also stated that God is the Supreme Power that creates and controls
the Universe. God exists as the basic material of all matters of the
universe and the core of the essential energy that moves all these matters
in an order. He remains manifest as the inherent force and energy that
sustains the Universe and all the planets and all the plants and animals
and the humans. He exists as the very base of the life energy like the
very breath of life as the force behind the light, gravity, and
electromagnetic energy. God is an infinite conscious thing that can be
felt inside the soul by pure mind through meditation and prayers with
faith. Hence God cannot be defined in words and cannot be seen with fleshy
eyes. The Vedas show us the way to visualize (feel) God through meditation.
According to the Vedas the Supreme Power is explained as: "One, who
creates, sustains and destroys the Universe, One who gives justification
to our "Karmas" and One who provides "intelligence" is known as "GOD". We
have to share this knowledge, trust the words of our Gurus and their
experience, without blindly following a dogma but following with wisdom
But from the scientific point of view we can not accept the philosophical
notion of existence of anything such as Supreme Power or Supreme Soul who
is controlling the universe without knowing its reality. If it has no real
existence and has no scientific basis then nobody will accept the notion
of existence of Supreme Power or God whatever it may be.
But the question penetrating our mind is that whether there exists
anything or anyone which may have created our universe and who is
controlling everything too, keeping the philosophical or Vedic exposition
of various verses in mind.
The answer to this problem can be given philosophically but this
exposition may remain confined within a very small section of people who
understand philosophy only and have blind faithfulness in God’s concept or
Supreme power but this will not be acceptable to everyone of our society.
For making it more reasonable and acceptable to each and every contingent
of our society let us give some scientific touch to it or let us explain
the problem a bit scientifically with the help of the technique termed as
Now what are dimensions? In physics we take the dimensions as the powers
to which physical quantities are raised. In a simple way we can define
dimension as the size or shape of a body or an object. Dimensions may be
classified as one, two, or three. When we consider length of an object
only we call it one dimensional, when length and breadth are considered we
have two dimensional objects and length, breadth and height or width
together called three dimensional. We think this definition is easy to
Now suppose we have a one dimensional living organism i.e. an organism
which is very small in size just like a point e.g. an ant say, though it
is not a one dimensional organism still we can consider it for the sake of
our convenience. Now suppose this one dimensional ant is moving along a
line only (because it has only length) as generally observed in our houses.
This ant is not in a position to tilt/move this way or that way as it is
assumed one dimensional organism i.e. it cannot observe or even perceive
anything outside this line or its dimension.
Now let us take the case of a higher dimensional organism i.e. two
dimensional organism i.e. an organism having length and breadth e.g. a
lizard which can move on the wall or floor or black board as these are all
two dimensional objects. We see that the lizard can move across the wall
or floor or black board easily but it can not move in the space which is
We will now witness a very interesting incident that may occur if the
lizard lies across the line of movement of the ant. The ant will see that
something lies along its path so it may cross over the lizard or may not
whatever the case may be. Now the question is whether the ant sees the
whole portion of lizard’s body or only a linear section of the lizard. Of
course a linear section which lies along the line. As a result the ant
would not be able to perceive the actual configuration or dimension of the
lizard. But at the same time the two dimensional lizard would be able to
observe the whole configuration of the ant.
In the third case let us consider the case of three dimensional living
organisms such as the most intelligent creation of the creator i.e. a man.
This three dimensional man can observe every incidents occurring in his
dimension or dimension of lower order.
So the conclusion from this discussion of dimension is that an organism
having higher dimension can observe everything of his dimension as well as
dimension of lower order. But it cannot observe the whole size or shape of
the organism having dimension higher than that.
Now if the one dimensional or two dimensional organism intends to see the
three dimensional organism it would not be possible to see it wholly
rather it would observe one dimensional or two dimensional view of the
organism as the case may be. Suppose the lizard wants to observe me wholly.
Is it possible? No, it is not possible. But it can observe me if I go to
its dimension and it is possible by projecting my image on the wall using
a torch light. Now the lizard will see only a partial image which is not
my complete picture.
So this is the concept of dimension. And if we try to solve our problem
with this concept of dimension we will be in a more comfortable position
rather than declining that there exists nothing in higher dimension. Thus
there is a possibility of existing something/someone in higher dimension
having intelligence higher than us and the existence of this higher
dimensionality may be referred to as Supreme soul/ Supreme Power/God.
The great Rishis or Monks or Sages of different times received this Divine
Vision of Supreme Soul or Supreme Power through their intuitive powers of
intense meditations. Now our question is whether they have seen the whole
image of the divine power or God.
Now we consider that an answer to this problem is plausible. The question
is whether they are same. The object may be the same but the signals/lights
coming from extra or higher dimensional object are not same because the
object is not being focused with same inclination in all the times.
Sometimes it may be focused at 90 degree, sometimes at 45 degree or 30
degree. So the view of the images will be different.
In conclusion we may consider in the light of Dimension that there may be
existing Someone/Something ‘Supreme Power’ or ‘Supreme Soul’ (rather than
declining the possibility of the existence of the supreme intelligence)
that is controlling everything beyond our dimension. But pure scientific
analysis of our perceived knowledge alone is not enough. The scope of
perception with analysis and reasoning is very limited. One will have to
obtain true Divine knowledge through spiritual insight or intuition to
understand the concept of this reality. While Vijńăna or science is the
knowledge of the phenomenal Universe of the manifest forms of God, Jńăna
is the realization of the formless Immanent Supreme. So the notion of
supreme power or supreme soul/Paramatman which was discussed thousands of
years back in the Vedas are the dimensional speculation expressed in ten
thousands verses of the Rig Veda in different suktas. To conclude we
submit that the different forms of the gods are the manifestations of a
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3. Foley, Leo (1962):Cosmology : Philosophical and Scientific, The Bruce
4. Freedman,Wendy L (1992):The Expansion rate and Science of the Universe,